SoapUI Interview Questions and Answers

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Top SoapUI Interview Questions and Answers - 2021 [UPDATED]

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SoapUI Interview Questions and Answers

  • 45 Questions

SoapUI is an open-source, free, cross-platform used as a solution for functional testing. It allows you to quickly and effortlessly create and implement automatic regression, functional, compliance and load tests.

These are web components used to transfer data between server and client. The client will send a web request for the server then the server responds to the client. This response and previous request are connected and diverse requests evoke the parallel response.

Mainstream functional testing is done via the GUI, and the biggest challenge of all is that web services do not have User Interface.

Web services provide a medium over which web-based application are integrated or connected over internet protocol support. The web-based application is integrated with XML, UDDI, SOAP, etc. SOAP is used to transmit the data whereas WSDL is used to describe the services. Similarly, UDDI is useful for listing all services accessible and XML is used in tagging the data.

It is a scripting language and internally includes java libraries. It helps to modify and add custom authentications to SoapUI tests.

It is used in two places: Groovy script test step Script Assertion within a test step

It is shared with the following protocols: HTTP / GET SOAP HTTP / POST HTTP / POST will transfer the information in secure mode between the clients. HTTP / GET will allow viewing of partial data transfer between the clients at the browser’s address bar. For transferring the private data safely SOAP is used.

It does the following: Automated testing viz. load tests, data-driven, and scenario-based testing Built-in reporting facilities Unique ability to mimic web services plus run a functional-load test against them before execution.

It is used to assert the web service response by giving the absolute path. If this path is corresponding with the response, the test case will be considered as PASS else it will be informed as FAILED. We can see the outcomes of assertion at the end of the screen and the Assertion tab has resultant information there.

Five components: WSDL – Web Service Description Language UDDI – Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration SOAP – Simple Access Object Protocol XML – eXtensible Markup Language RDF – Resource Description Framework

It uses three levels for that: TestSuite: Pool of test cases for combining functional tests as logical elements TestCase: Group of test steps brought together for testing a specific aspect of services. TestSteps: Building blocks for functional tests of SOAPUI. Used to determine the drift of execution of tested service.

They are used to compare some or all response message to the predictable outcome.

Follow the steps: Describe a project property with endpoint Alter the endpoint and use this property through property expansion Certify that requests are availing the organized endpoint When a request will be run, the property will unavoidably be with its present value. To use a dissimilar value just arrange the endpoint in the UI, P option can be used, from the command line

For functional testing: SoapUI JMeter –Performance testing and functional testing RESTClient – Firefox plug-in

Retrieve data, store data as key and value.

You can read property values into the following: test step endpoint, header values, username, password, POST, domain, PUT, DELETE and GET.

Authenticating web services is possible with WSDL because to organize web services in SoapUI, only WSDL document is obligatory. If the WSDL document is not legal, SoapUI will toss an exception directly.

It is a set of customary rules that helps to link the hardware devices over the software applications. Different types of protocols are used on the Internet as well as Intranet applications. TCP – Transmission Control Protocol. To exchange the messages among two dissimilar Internet applications. Internet Protocol – For sending and getting the data between two dissimilar Internet addresses. Likewise, HTTP, FTP, DHCP protocols – To transfer the data for other Internet applications.

It is XML based and is the platform as well as programming language independent. Remote procedure calls or RPC are occasionally blocked by proxy servers and firewalls – Soap is used to overcome that.

Simple Object Access Protocol. It uses XML to network with web applications. It also uses XML based content for communication between two client engines across some network

It is when you save test data i.e. input and expected output, in some exterior storage such as database or spreadsheet, etc. and then use it iteratively in tests while running them.

Soap UI will automatically save the whole thing on exit. If you wish to save your projects devoid of exiting, you can use the “Save All” option from the File menu.

Right-click on one of the SOAP interfaces Select Generate Mock Service. Specify the local path for created service in dialog Generate Mock Service Click OK. Enter the name of Mock Service in the Name dialog Click OK. Now you should have a Mock Service with operation and request.

200 OK- Indicates that request was positive. 201 Created – The request was positive and a resource was created 400 Bad Requests – Request malformed. The data did not pass validation or has the wrong format. 404 Not Found – Required resource is not found. 401 Unauthorized – Authentication is required before accessing the source. 405 Method Not Allowed – HTTP method is not supported for the resource. 409 Conflicts – Use of PUT request for creation of same resource twice etc. 500 Internal Server Errors – Processing failed due to surprising conditions on the server-side.

Usually, all the SOAP centered web services are carved using XML which uses normal message format that is acknowledged across the universe and is stress-free to read, classify the errors, evade interoperability glitches, etc. Example of the SOAP message format. POST /InStock HTTP/1.1 Host: localhost Content-Type: application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8 Content-Length: 399 SOAPAction: “”

SOAP message- As envelope element the topmost tag to identify the XML document. The header element with header information. The Body element with call and response data. Fault element with errors and status data.

This is TestCase setup script: def runner = testCase.testSuite.project.mockServices[“My MockService”].start() context.mockRunner = runner The returned object is needed to stop the MockService. You can save it to the setting and routine it in the tearDown script: context.mockRunner.stop() WsdlMockService and the WsdlMockRunner classes have many more methods along with properties useful in these cases.

Go to the request editor. To Test Request button, Click on Add an Assertion. Choose Response SLA in the drop-down from the Select Assertion box. Write 500 inboxes and click OK. Execute the request for validation. If assertions are positive, the SOAP icon would turn green in 3 places. You can authenticate the response after adding X-Path Match assertion. Soap UI Pro allows you to open Select X-Path dialog and lets you choose nodes to assert with point-and-click. Soap UI generates the matching X-Path look that refers to the nominated node. Soap UI spontaneously populates the probable result to match the response. Adjust this to what’s pertinent for you.

It is written in XML. It describes web services. It identifies the site of the service and the processes the service discloses.

SoapUI is a testing tool for web services and SoapUI Pro is its saleable version. SoapUI helps in the creation of functional and security along with load testing suites. All these features are in SoapUI Pro with some advanced drag and drop, advanced reporting, data-driven testing plus coverage analysis.

API Testing Interview Questions Script Assertion WS- Addressing Request or Response Assertion WS security Status Soap Faults Response SLA Schema compliance XPath match XQuery match Contains & Not Contains

It is used to store test data that includes input /expected output in an outside data source as Excel or Database or an XML file. Far along, we need to repeat the data source by the respective component. SoapUI uses Loop test steps to perform data-driven testing.

Simple contains Simple not contain Schema compliance Soap Faults XPath Match Response SLA XQuery Match Script Assertion WS security status

Create a project and add the WSDL file Add test suites, Test cases and Test cases- in that order Include custom programming/validation using by adding Groovy steps Call external data sources if using Add assertions if necessary Then RUN.

You can do that. (Groovy and Javascript steps)

Group test is achieved by test suites. When dissimilar tests are required, you can create a test suite and keep creating test cases under it.

You can do that by clicking on request then selecting Dump File’s location from properties.

Soap represents a protocol whereas REST is form of architecture. You can send Soap envelops easily to REST applications.

Soap would be more secure and it also has structured format.

Soap is associated with HTTP and SMTP but REST is dependent on HTTP merely.